• Effect of heat on work performance in the gold mines of ...

    Effect of heat on work performance in the gold mines of South Africa. (PMID:) Abstract Citations ; BioEntities ; Related Articles ; External Links ; STRYDOM NB, WYNDHAM CH, COOKE HM, MARITZ JS, BREDELL GA, MORRISON JF, PETER J, WILLIAMS CG. .

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  • Mining towns and urban sprawl in South Africa

     · Introduction. Mining towns are a common phenomenon in South Africa. Historically, housing in these towns consisted of privately owned houses (exclusively for white miners, until the mid1980s), company owned houses and, predominantly until the early 2000s, high density compounds for black miners. Today the mining towns are of various kinds.

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  • Introduction: 'Dying for Gold': The Effects of Mineral ...

     · It is especially dangerous in southern Africa, where mining activity is a leading cause of HIV and tuberculosis epidemics. Inside mines, silica dust exposure causes longterm pulmonary damage. Living conditions are often substandard; poorly ventilated living quarters facilitate tuberculosis and airborne disease spread, and high rates of alcohol and tobacco use compromise .

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  • The environmental impact of gold mine tailings footprints ...

    Gold mining in South Africa resulted in vast volumes of tailings, which have been deposited in impoundments. Poor management of most of the tailings dams resulted in the escape of seepage, adversely affecting soils and water quality. Some tailings dams have been partially or completely reclaimed leaving contaminated footprints. These zones pose a serious threat to the underlying .

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  • Witwatersrand Gold Rush

    Witwatersrand Gold Rush. Witwatersrand Basin and major goldfields. Date. 1886. Loion. Witwatersrand Basin, Johannesburg, South Africa. Outcome. World's largest gold rush ever led to the eventual Boer defeat in the Second Boer War (), the loss of Boer autonomy and selfgovernment, and total British rule in South Africa.

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  • Risk of silicosis in a cohort of white South African gold ...

    Abstract The risk of silicosis was investigated in a cohort of 2,235 white South African gold miners who had, on average, 24 years of net service from 1940 to the early 1970s and who were followed up to 1991 for radiological signs of onset of silicosis (ILO egory 1/1 or .

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  • Gold mineralization in highgrade metamorphic shear zones ...

    The Renco gold mine in southern Zimbabwe is the only known major gold deposit in the granulite facies terrane of the northern marginal zone of the Late Archean to midProterozoic Limpopo belt. Gold mineralization is confined to a system of hightemperature mylonite zones characterized by two distinct geometries.

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  • Trends in silicosis prevalence and the healthy worker ...

     · Given the intimate association between silicosis and tuberculosis, understanding the epidemiology of the South African gold mining industry silicosis epidemic is essential to current initiatives to control both silicosis and tuberculosis in this population, one of the most heavily affected globally. The study's objectives were to compare the prevalence of silicosis among working black gold .

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  • Brief history of gold mining in South Africa

    Brief history of gold mining in South Africa. INCLUDING MAJOR EVENTS. 1873. First largescale production began when alluvial deposits were discovered at Pilgrim's Rest. 1884. Gold was discovered in the Witwatersrand which led to an influx of miners from around the world. 1886 .

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  • Gold Production by Country | Gold Production | Goldhub

     · Gold mining is a global business with operations on every continent, except Antarctica, and gold is extracted from mines of widely varying types and scale. At a country level, China was the largest producer in the world in 2020 and accounted for around 11 per cent of total global production.

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  • Gold Mining in Africa: Maximizing Economic Returns for ...

    world (in order) are China, US, Australia, South Africa and Russia. In addition to gold that comes from mines, an additional 1,500MT of annual global output on average comes from recycling (World Gold Council 2011). Figure 1: The distribution of gold mine production in Africa (averaged between 2005 and 2009).

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  • The predictors of emphysema in South African gold miners.

    These findings agree with previous crosssectional studies in South African gold miners showing an exposure response relationship between mining service and airflow limitation measured by lung function tests in life.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID: [PubMed indexed for MEDLINE] Publiion Types: Research Support, Gov't

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  • The Role of Mining in the South African Economy

    The Role of Mining in the South African Economy Johannes Fedderke and Farah Pirouz ERSA, University of the Witwatersrand ABSTRACT: This paper examines thecontribution ofthreeaggregate mining sectors oftheSouth African economy to output and employment over the 197097period. The.ndingofadeclining importanceofminingin output and

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  • Gold Mining in South Africa | Africa Mining IQ

    Today, South Africa produces only % of the world's gold. In South Africa, mining for gold typically involves methods like panning, sluicing, dredging, hard rock mining and byproduct mining. The most effective method used is hard rock mining, since reserves are typically encased in deep underground rock.

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  • Mines, Migration and HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa | Journal ...

    Number of Migrants in the South African Gold Mines, by Country of Origin, 1986–2006. Source: Crush and James (1995) for data from 1986 to 1989. Crush et al. (2005) for data from 1990 to 2006. Data on the number of miners in South Africa are not available after 1993

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  • The Cost of Gold

    1. Gold Mining and Human Rights in South Africa 13 The Origins and Early Effects of Gold Mining in the Witwatersrand 13 The Mining Industry in the Apartheid Era 15 PostApartheid South Africa and Its Human Rights Commitments 16 Gold Mining in Modern South Africa 18 2. Human Rights Framework 19 Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights 19

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